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  • 手機網站 設為首頁加為收藏歡迎訪問云南省非物質文化遺產保護中心網站
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    大南直布朗族傳統文化保護區

    發布時間:2015-04-29來源:系統管理員

           臨滄市雙江拉祜族佤族布朗族傣族自治縣邦丙鄉南直行政村大南直寨,位于雙江縣城南部,位于東經99°52′,北緯23°17′,海拔860-1900米,東與大文鄉相連,南以小黑江為界,與瀾滄江隔江相望,北靠仙人山,小黑江由西南東流入大文鄉境內的瀾滄江。這里森林植被保護得較好,以南亞熱帶闊葉樹種為主,年內最高氣溫22度,最低氣溫9度,年平均降雨量1437.7毫米。屬低緯度亞熱帶山地。

          大南直寨是一個布朗族村寨,共有198戶,897人,布朗族人口占總人口的100  %,人均耕地面積1.68畝。人均收入870元(據2003年統計)。有一條通往邦丙鄉政府的公路,全長9千米。

            布朗族的先民是古代“濮人”。漢晉時期“濮”人分布在云南省境內瀾滄江兩岸及其以西的廣大地區,到唐代已經分化,發展成為不同稱呼的多個族群。其中“濮子蠻”,分布在當時的永昌(今保山),銀生(今景東)一帶。明、清時期的文獻中,把他們寫作“蒲蠻”。“蒲人即蒲蠻,今順寧……永昌、景東七府有此種”。結合零星的文史資料來考察,可以斷定,雙江布朗族先民在縣境定居的時間最晚也是唐代。

            不少布朗族,聲稱他們的祖先來自“孟卯”,即勐卯,今德宏州瑞麗,大南直布朗族說他們的祖先從“孟卯”來,來時抱著一只公雞,到達邦丙時公雞便叫了起來,于是他們就在這里居住下來。后來見南直這個地方四面有水,中間的梁子上長滿了棕樹,就分家遷到南直。“南”是水的意思,“直”是棕樹的意思,后稱“大南直”。

            大南直布朗族生活方式,文化習俗,傳統紡織工藝等特點突出,文化資源較為豐富,在社會公德、生活方式、節慶活動、文藝體育、宗教祭祀等領域,布朗族傳統文化、習俗傳承情況較好。至今保留著傳統節慶活動和蜂桶鼓舞,帕節舞和民歌,音樂形態有完整的傳統性,傳統體育運動有打陀螺、打秋千等,娛樂休閑活動有上山打獵、找老鼠、女性丟包等。各種祭祀儀式和原始信仰習俗完整,如建房中的擇地、選材、建房、進新房等過程,有一整套祭祀禮儀。原始信仰分別有祭祀、祭小鬼田、祭棉花神等儀式。


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